How do I know that I have UTI?

Posted by Helene Skoog, January 7 2016

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Recurrent urinary tract infections are painful and tiresome. And sadly it is an unwelcome companion for many people using catheters. But there are differences between the various therapies.

UTI.pngBacteria has entered the bladder via the catheter and invaded the bladder wall, which cause symptoms.

CIC (Clean Intermittent Catheterization) reduces the risk of UTI compared to other bladder management methods, e.g. indwelling catheters. However, the risk of developing UTI is still present since bacteria from outside the body may enter the bladder via the urinary catheter.

So how do you know that you have UTI?

Definition of a UTI

Bacteria in the urine (verified by urine culture) AND at least one of the following symptoms:
  • Strong, persistent urge to urinate
  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • Passing frequent, small amounts of urine
  • Pain in the midline suprapubic area
  • Malaise
  • Fever
This definition is used by the EAUN (European Association of Urology Nurses).

What causes a UTI?

A UTI occurs when bacteria has a chance to grow and multiply in the urethra and bladder, and also cause symptoms. Note that there is a difference between a UTI and bacteriuria (presence of bacteria in the urine without symptoms).

There are several factors that will influence the risk of developing a UTI. One of them is to empty your bladder completely, where most of the bacteria will follow the urine out through the catheter and the risk for bacterial growth in the bladder will decrease.

To share more information about UTIs, not least how to avoid them, we have created a Stop UTI app. It also contains a Stop UTI check, for you to get your own personal recommendations for preventing UTI. And don't miss the blog post 5 ways to avoid catheter-associated UTI.

Download app

Topics: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Clean Intermittent Catheterization (CIC)